Atacamite and Hibbingite

Atacamite

  • Named after its type locality, the Atacama desert in Chile.
  • Atacamite is isostructural with Hibbingite [Fe2Cl(OH)3], and Kempite [Mn2Cl(OH)3]
  • In 2002 it was found out that the jaws of the marine bloodworm Glycera dibranchiata contain Atacamite.[1]
  • Atacamite is polymorphous with Botallackite and Clinoatacamite (both monoclinic).
  • Formula: Cu2Cl(OH)3
  • Space group: Pnma (No. 62)
  • Crystal system: orthorhombic
  • Crystal class: mmm
  • Lattice parameters: a = 6.030(2) Å, b =  6.865(2) Å, c = 9.120(2) Å, α = βγ = 90°

Picture: By Stefan Schorn – CC BY-SA 3.0
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Bildanzeige?pict=1081079762,
https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=399210


Crystal structure[2] (click on the pictures to download the VESTA file):

(K. Momma and F. Izumi, “VESTA 3 for three-dimensional visualization of crystal, volumetric and morphology data,” J. Appl. Crystallogr., 44, 1272-1276 (2011).)

  • CuO5Cl distorted octahedra (orange)
  • CuO4Cl2 distorted octahedra (blue)
  • Oxygen (red)
  • Chlorine (green)
  • Hydrogen (white)

For a 3D interactive version, see here:

https://skfb.ly/6QpQY

References:

[1] H.C. Lichtenegger, Th. Schöberl, M.H. Bartl, H. Waite, G.D. Stucky
Science 2002, 298, 389-392.
DOI: 10.1126/science.1075433

[2] J.B. Parise, B.G. Hyde
Acta Cryst. C 1986, 42, 1277-1280.
DOI: 10.1107/S0108270186092570


Hibbingite

  • Named after its type locality, the city of Hibbing, which was built on the rich iron ore of the Mesabi Iron Range. At the edge of the town is the largest open-pit iron mine in the world.
  • Hibbingite is isostructural with Atacamite [Cu2Cl(OH)3] and Kempite [Mn2Cl(OH)3]
  • Formula: Fe2Cl(OH)3
  • Space group: Pnma (No. 62)
  • Crystal system: orthorhombic
  • Crystal class: mmm
  • Lattice parameters: a = 6.3373(2) Å, b =  6.9892(2) Å, c = 9.3457(3) Å, α = βγ = 90°

Crystal structure (click on the pictures to download the VESTA file):

(K. Momma and F. Izumi, “VESTA 3 for three-dimensional visualization of crystal, volumetric and morphology data,” J. Appl. Crystallogr., 44, 1272-1276 (2011).)

  • FeO5Cl distorted octahedra (green)
  • FeO4Cl2 distorted octahedra (brown)
  • Oxygen (red)
  • Chlorine (green)
  • Hydrogen (white)

For a 3D interactive version, see here:

https://skfb.ly/6QpRS

Reference:

N.V. Zubkova, I.V. Pekov, E.V. Sereda, V.O. Yapaskurt, D.Y. Pushcharovsky
Z. Kristallogr. 2019, 234 (6), 379-382.
DOI: 10.1515/zkri-2018-2124


 

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